Venous Diseases: What You Need to Know

A doctor doing a vascular examination It all begins when a valve in the leg veins is defective. Deep veins try to carry more blood to the heart, but they can only cope so much. When this happens, the person might experience different forms of venous diseases, such as varicose veins, deep vein thrombosis, leg ulcer, spider veins, venous inflammation, and a lot more. Research findings from infer these conditions as being often hereditary but other factors, like too much standing or sitting, obesity, and lack of exercise, also contribute to acquiring these diseases.

Signs and Symptoms

These are some of the common symptoms depending on how severe the condition is:

  • Swelling and heaviness in the legs
  • Discoloration of the skin
  • Dermatoliposclerosis
  • Leg ulcer
  • Dermatitis
  • White atrophy
  • Itchy legs

Risk Factors

The external causes of venous diseases remain unknown, but there are risk factors to be considered.

  • Genetics. Varicose vein history in the family.
  • Gender. More women are afflicted with these conditions.
  • Age. People older than 50 years of age are more susceptible to developing varicose veins.
  • Pregnancy. Pregnant women are more susceptible to varicose veins.
  • Obesity. Obese people are more likely to develop chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) even without reflux or obstructions in the veins.
  • Activity. Prolonged sitting or standing can cause a venous disease to develop.


Venous diseases are incurable as you cannot fix or replace defective venous valves but that doesn’t mean they don’t respond well to treatment. Treatment can range from wearing compression garments to vein surgery in worst case scenarios.

If a doctor prescribes you to wear compression garments, you do so regularly as these can help prevent spider veins and varicose veins from developing.

Venous disease is not something that gets better by itself over time. It will only get worse if you are showing any signs and symptoms of having varicose veins or other forms of the disease. Don’t wait for it to worsen before consulting with a phlebologist.