Neurology: What Is It and Why Is It Important?

3D Neurons Within The Brain

Neurology is the branch of medicine that focuses on treating neurological disorders of the brain, muscles, nerves, spinal cord, and blood vessels. The nervous system is comprised of two parts: the peripheral and central nervous systems.

Physicians in Draper who specializes in neurology are called neurologists. A neurosurgeon, on the other hand, performs surgeries to treat neurological disorders.

What are Neurologists and What Do They Do?

Neurologists are doctors who specialize in the field of neurology. They treat various disorders of the nervous system that require medical attention. However, before they can practice as a neurologist, they must graduate from a medical school, complete an internship, and receive another three years of training under a neurology residency program.

Neurological Disorders

The common symptoms of many neurological conditions include muscle weakness, coordination problems, dizziness, confusion, and a sudden change in the senses, such as vision, touch, and smell. Neurologists also treat patients with the following conditions.

  • Brain cancer
  • Seizure disorders
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Neuromuscular disorders
  • Nervous system infections
  • Neurodegenerative disorders
  • Spinal cord disorders
  • Autoimmune and inflammatory disorders
  • Headaches

Diagnosis and Treatment

Neurologists are knowledgeable and experienced when it comes to diagnosing and treating neurological disorders. When you come in for a checkup, your doctor will likely perform physical and neurological exams. These exams will test your reflexes, coordination, muscle strength, mental status, and sensation, as well as the function of the cranial nerves.

Depending on your case, they may also recommend other neurological procedures to help in the diagnosis or treatment of conditions. These tests include a lumbar puncture, tensilon test, and electroencephalogram (EEG). Neurologists may also make use CAT scan, MRI scan, or PET scan.

Neurological disorders should not be taken lightly. If you notice any symptoms that you suspect have something to do with your nervous system, you should get the help of a neurologist as soon as possible. Remember that it’s always better to identify and deal with the problem earlier.